Cocaine Addiction Treatment

Cocaine was labelled as a very popular drug in the 1980s and 1990s, but still remains popular in today’s society. It is sold as two chemical forms on the streets, one being the crystalline powder form and its mixed crack-cocaine base. This form comes in “rock” form and is smoked by users. It has been processed using such additives and baking soda and ammonia. This emerged as a major epidemic in more urbanized areas of the country in the 1980s, but still remains a major problem among all demographics.

Cocaine is a powerful and highly addictive stimulant, that’s synthetically derived from the coca leave. This plant is native to such South American countries as Peru, Colombia and Bolivia. It is commonly snorted, injected or smoked. It goes by the common street names of “coke”, “blow” or the “white girl”. It is generally sold as a fine white powder and most often is diluted by suppliers, using other similar-looking additives. It is currently labeled as a Schedule II drug, meaning it has a very high potential for abuse, but has served some use in modern medicine as a local analgesic.

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How Does it Work in the Brain?

Like with other drugs, cocaine addiction results from the effect that cocaine has on the brain. It is a powerful central nervous system stimulant and induces intense feelings of grandiosity and euphoria in users. It increases levels of the brain’s pleasure chemical, dopamine. Typically, dopamine is released in response to potential rewards such as the feelings one gets from eating food, sex or doing other enjoyable activities. After it is released, it is recycled back into the cell that released it. Cocaine prevents the dopamine from being recycled, which amplifies the dopamine signal and interrupts normal brain communication. This flood of dopamine is what causes cocaine’s euphoric high.

After they have been abusing cocaine for a prolonged period of time, they will eventually build up a tolerance and may feel incapable of feeling the same high as they did before from the drug. This heightens the risk for other adverse physical and psychological side effects from using cocaine.

Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction

Cocaine and crack-cocaine abuse results in intense symptoms of hyperactivity and ultra-aggressive behavior. These symptoms are dependent on the quantity and frequency at which it is being used. Some signs of cocaine abuse and addiction include:

Behavioral Symptoms

Extreme talkativeness
paranoia
Prone to violence
anxiety
irritability
Restlessness

Physical Symptoms

Insomnia
loss of the sense of smell
Dramatic weight loss
Constantly runny or bloody nose (if snorted)
Dilated pupils
Inability to eat

Psychological Symptoms

Severe paranoia
Violent mood swings
Loss of interest in activities they once enjoyed
Isolating from family and friends
Psychosis
It’s not just a drug or alcohol facility, it’s so much more than that. The way you learn to take care of yourself is hands-on. They don’t just throw information at you. It’s a learning experience if you really want it.

Morningside Client, 2014

Symptoms of Cocaine Withdrawal

When cocaine use is stopped abruptly, the user will crash almost immediately. Many who binge on cocaine for days at a time will often crash and sleep for prolonged periods of time to shake it off.. Cocaine withdrawal symptoms are rarely ever life-threatening, but the drug is highly addictive and does pose some serious psychological withdrawal symptoms, which should be addressed immediately if noticed. Some primary symptoms of cocaine withdrawal include:

Withdrawal Symptoms

Anxiety
Depression
Irregular needs for sleep
Restless behavior
Abrupt increase in appetite
Constant fatique

Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Addiction

People who abuse cocaine the drug for a prolonged period of time rarely take care of themselves and can eventually undergo numerous medical complications if they do not seek treatment for their condition. If cocaine addiction persists, it could eventually result in some of the following:

Long-Term Effects

Cardiorespiratory problems (heart attacks, high blood pressure and strokes)
Deteriorated tissue in the nose
Permanent damage to the the blood vessels or the brain and heart
Skin infections or abscesses (if injected)
Severe tooth decay

How Do I Get Help?

Over 20 million Americans suffer from addiction and sadly, most of them will never receive the treatment they need. Cocaine and crack-cocaine addiction effects people across all demographics. It is a progressive disease and destroys the lives of its users and those who love them the most. If you or a loved one are struggling with cocaine addiction and are in need of treatment, Morningside Recovery is here to help.

Morningside Recovery is among the leading providers in cocaine addiction treatment and we offer a variety of services to patients who are struggling with addiction and mental health disorders. We offer and other . If you or a loved are struggling and in need of help, please do not hesitate to call. You may reach us anytime at . Our treatment specialists are happy to help and will assist you in finding the right treatment option for you.